As you might expect, the Roanoke Tea Party opens its meetings with a prayer and a recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance.
What you might be less aware of is the background of the pledge, and its author. It was developed as a sales tactic for Youth Companion magazine, the employer of the pledge’s author.
The author was Francis Bellamy, a Baptist minister and (uh-oh) Christian Socialist.
The Pledge was published in the September 8, 1892, issue of [Youth's Companion] magazine, and immediately put to use in the [magazine's sales] campaign. Bellamy went to speak to a national meeting of school superintendents to promote the celebration; the convention liked the idea and selected a committee of leading educators to implement the program, including the immediate past president of the National Education Association. Bellamy was selected as the chair. Having received the official blessing of educators, Bellamy’s committee now had the task of spreading the word across the nation and of designing an official program for schools to follow on the day of national celebration. He structured the program around a flag raising ceremony and his pledge.
His original Pledge read as follows: “I pledge allegiance to my Flag and to* the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all” (* ‘to’ added in October 1892).
. . .In 1954, in response to the perceived threat of secular Communism, President Eisenhower encouraged Congress to add the words “under God,” creating the 31-word pledge that is recited today
. . .Bellamy was a Christian Socialist who “championed ‘the rights of working people and the equal distribution of economic resources, which he believed was inherent in the teachings of Jesus” but he was forced to leave his Boston church the previous year because of the socialist bent of his sermons.
By the way, as the above Wikipedia entry notes: Francis Bellamy was the cousin of Edward Bellamy, author of the socialist-utopian novels “Looking Backward” (1888) and “Equality” (1897).
So the pledge was devised by a Christian Socialist, who was the cousin of a socialist novelist, and “America the Beautiful” was written by a progressive lesbian feminist.